firstly, in a large kadai heat 2 tbsp oil and 2 tbsp ghee.
add 1 bay leaf, 4 cloves, 1 mace, 2 pods cardamom, 1 black cardamom, ½ inch cinnamon, 1 star anise, ½ tsp shah jeera and pinch hing. saute on low flame.
now add 1 onion and 1 tsp ginger garlic paste.
saute until the onions turn golden brown.
further, add 1 tomato and saute until it turns soft and mushy.
now add in the prepared marinated mixture, 3 tbsp peas and ½ tsp salt.
mix well making sure everything is well combined.
cover and cook for 8 minutes or until ghee floats on top.
sprinkle 2 tbsp fried onions and spread almost cooked rice.
top with 2 tbsp coriander, 2 tbsp mint, ½ tsp biryani masala, 2 tbsp fried onions, ¼ cup saffron milk and 1 tsp ghee.
cover with aluminium foil and close the lid. you can also use the dough to seal.
simmer for 20 minutes or until rice is cooked fully.
finally, enjoy aloo dum biryani with raita and slices of onion.